SSUSI Bibliography


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Found 4 entries in the Bibliography.

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GPS phase scintillation at high latitudes during geomagnetic storms of 7\textendash17 March 2012 \textendash Part 2: Interhemispheric comparison

During the ascending phase of solar cycle 24, a series of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) in the period 7\textendash17 March 2012 caused geomagnetic storms that strongly affected high-latitude ionosphere in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. GPS phase scintillation was observed at northern and southern high latitudes by arrays of GPS ionospheric scintillation and TEC monitors (GISTMs) and geodetic-quality GPS receivers sampling at 1 Hz. Mapped as a function of magnetic latitude and magnetic local time (MLT), the scintillation was observed in the ionospheric cusp, the tongue of ionization fragmented into patches, sun-aligned arcs in the polar cap, and nightside auroral oval and subauroral latitudes. Complementing a companion paper (Prikryl et al., 2015a) that focuses on the highlatitude ionospheric response to variable solar wind in the North American sector, interhemispheric comparison reveals commonalities as well as differences and asymmetries between the northern and southern high latitudes, as a consequence of the coupling between the solar wind and magnetosphere. The interhemispheric asymmetries are caused by the dawn\textendashdusk component of the interplanetary magnetic field controlling the MLT of the cusp entry of the storm-enhanced density plasma into the polar cap and the orientation relative to the noon\textendashmidnight meridian of the tongue of ionization.

Prikryl, P.; Ghoddousi-Fard, R.; Spogli, L.; Mitchell, C.; Li, G.; Ning, B.; Cilliers, P.; Sreeja, V.; Aquino, M.; Terkildsen, M.; Jayachandran, P.; Jiao, Y.; Morton, Y.; Ruohoniemi, J.; Thomas, E.; Zhang, Y.; Weatherwax, A.; Alfonsi, L.; De Franceschi, G.; Romano, V.;

Published by: Annales Geophysicae      Published on: 01/2015

YEAR: 2015     DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-657-2015

Ionosphere; ionospheric disturbance; ionospheric irregularities; polar ionosphere


OVATION Prime-2013: Extension of auroral precipitation model to higher disturbance levels

OVATION Prime (OP) is an auroral precipitation model parameterized by solar wind driving. Distinguishing features of the model include an optimized solar wind-magnetosphere coupling function (dΦMP/dt) which predicts auroral power significantly better than\ Kpor other traditional parameters, the separation of aurora into categories (diffuse aurora, monoenergetic, broadband, and ion), the inclusion of seasonal variations, and separate parameter fits for each magnetic latitude (MLAT) \texttimes magnetic local time (MLT) bin, thus permitting each type of aurora and each location to have differing responses to season and solar wind input\textemdashas indeed they do. We here introduce OVATION Prime-2013, an upgrade to the 2010 version currently widely available. The most notable advantage of OP-2013 is that it uses UV images from the GUVI instrument on the satellite TIMED for high disturbance levels (dΦMP/dt \> 1.2 MWb/s which roughly corresponds to\ Kp = 5+ or 6-). The range of validity is approximately 0 \< dΦMP/dt <= 3.0 MWb/s (Kp\ about 8+). Other upgrades include a reduced susceptibility to salt-and-pepper noise, and smoother interpolation across the postmidnight data gap. The model is tested against an independent data set of hemispheric auroral power from Polar UVI. Over the common range of validity of OP-2010 and OP-2013, the two models predict auroral power essentially identically, primarily because hemispheric power calculations were done in a way to minimize the impact of OP-2010s noise. To quantitatively demonstrate the improvement at high disturbance levels would require multiple very large substorms, which are rare, and insufficiently present in the limited data set of Polar UVI hemispheric power values. Nonetheless, although OP-2010 breaks down in a variety of ways above\ Kp = 5+ or 6-, OP-2013 continues to show the auroral oval advancing equatorward, at least to 55\textdegree MLAT or a bit less, and OP-2013 does not develop spurious large noise patches. We will also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of other precipitation models more generally, as no one model fits best all possible uses.

Newell, P.; Liou, K.; Zhang, Y.; Sotirelis, T.; Paxton, L.; Mitchell, E.;

Published by: Space Weather      Published on: Jan-06-2014

YEAR: 2014     DOI: 10.1002/swe.v12.610.1002/2014SW001056

Aurora; forecasting; precipitation


Evidence of auroral oval TEC enhancement and simultaneous plasma patch break-off events in the Arctic and Antarctic ionosphere during the initial phase of a geomagnetic storm event at equinox, 26 September 2011

Kinrade, Joe; Mitchell, Cathryn; Paxton, Larry; Bust, Gary;

Published by:       Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI:

An interhemispheric comparison of GPS phase scintillation with auroral emission observed at the South Pole and from the DMSP satellite

Prikryl, Paul; Zhang, Yongliang; Ebihara, Yusuke; Ghoddousi-Fard, Reza; Jayachandran, Periyadan; Kinrade, Joe; Mitchell, Cathryn; Weatherwax, Allan; Bust, Gary; Cilliers, Pierre;

Published by: Annals of Geophysics      Published on:

YEAR: 2013     DOI: