TitleThe International Reference Ionosphere – Status 2013
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBilitza, D
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume55
Issue8
Pagination1914 - 1927
Date Published04/2015
ISSN02731177
KeywordsForecast, Ionosphere, IRI, Real-Time, Space Weather
Abstract

This paper describes the latest version of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) model. IRI-2012 includes new models for the electron density and ion densities in the region below the F-peak, a storm-time model for the auroral E-region, an improved electron temperature model that includes variations with solar activity, and for the first time a description of auroral boundaries. In addition, the thermosphere model required for baseline neutral densities and temperatures was upgraded from MSIS-86 to the newer NRLMSIS-00 model and Corrected Geomagnetic coordinates (CGM) were included in IRI as an additional coordinate system for a better representation of auroral and polar latitudes. Ongoing IRI activities towards the inclusion of an improved model for the F2 peak height hmF2 are discussed as are efforts to develop a “Real-Time IRI”. The paper is based on an IRI status report presented at the 2013 IRI Workshop in Olsztyn, Poland. The IRI homepage is at IRImodel.org.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273117714004888
DOI10.1016/j.asr.2014.07.032
Short TitleAdvances in Space Research


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